Infantigo is a corruption in spelling for impetigo, which is typically a superficial infected epidermal skin disease, not immunizing Streptococcal or Staphylococcus. It’s contagious, self-inoculation, sometimes a cause of epidemics, which can from an affected patient or a healthy person.
What Exactly is it?
Impetigo is a superficial bacterial skin infection, caused by a streptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes) and / or a staph (Staphylococcus aureus). Autoinoculation is a disease and not immunizing. Contrary to popular belief, impetigo does not arise from a lack of hygiene. It is contagious with small family outbreaks or communities that justify the ouster school. Impetigo in adults shows almost always pre-existing skin lesions, especially of ectoparasites, because the bacteria get into the skin through various injuries. It can appear impetigo thanks to various skin diseases (such as eczema, scabies or lice), or simply as a result of scratches and insect bites.
There are criteria for defining the severity of the disease:
- Lesions less extensive than the area covered by two palms of hands
- Less than five sites on the body covered with lesions
- Absence of signs such as fever or other infections
- Slow progression of the lesions
What Does it Look Like?
Impetigo, in its early stages, starts to look like small red bumps. Those red bumps will turn into cloudy blisters fast. Then the blisters will turn into pimples, and then finally the pimples will turn into sores. Once it gets to the sores stage, the sores will ooze a yellowish fluid that dries on the skin. This forms a golden crusty scab over the infected area with impetigo.
The sores, if not treated right away, can spread in size and in numbers. Those sores may also cause pus to drain out of the skin. The sores can scar, but it is very rare, but some discoloration on the skin may stay there for 6 to 12 months.
What are Signs and Symptoms?
Some of the common symptoms of impetigo include the appearance of a rash, fluid-filled blisters and itchiness. These blisters can appear anywhere on the body but are generally found on the face or in exposed extremities such as the arms and legs. It is possible to have a mixture of the two types of impetigo. While it may be difficult to picture the difference between the bullous and non- bullous types of impetigo, especially in the second phase of the bullous form, when the sacks with liquid have disappeared and all that is left are small, red dots, the treatment is somewhat distinct.
- Red sores
- Swollen glands
Impetigo symptoms can vary depending on the type of infection.
Bullous Impetigo Symptoms
- Bullous impetigo symptoms start with blisters which are filled with fluid or pus and generally appear on the arms and legs or the trunk of the body.
- After a few days, the blisters will burst and form a yellowish-colored crust and will eventually heal.
- Itchiness is common especially on the area of the skin surrounding the blister. Avoid scratching the infected areas to prevent the infection from spreading.
- Swelling of the glands or a fever may also be experienced and is more common with this type of impetigo.
Non-bullous Impetigo Symptoms
- Non-bullous impetigo symptoms start with small red bumps (resembling bug bites). These red sores usually appear on the face especially around the mouth and nose. The sores can also appear on the arms and legs.
- Soon, the sores will burst open and ooze fluid and form a golden-colored crust. Once the crust dries, it will leave a red mark which will vanish in a few days or weeks and heal without any scars.
- Itchiness may also be experienced with the sores but they are generally not painful. Scratching the sores should be avoided to prevent the infection from spreading to other body parts or to other people through contact or by using the same objects.
- Although rare, a fever may be present and glands can become swollen in more serious cases.
If you or your child display any of these impetigo symptoms, you should consult a doctor or a dermatologist for proper diagnosis. There are several skin conditions with similar symptoms and properly identifying the condition or impetigo type will help in determining the best treatment option.
How is it Spread?
It’s very contagious and spreads very easily. The sores that form when infected by impetigo are full of bacteria. The bacterial sores are easily spread to areas of the skin by scratching or touching the sores. The bacteria can also spread to other people by not washing your hands, having dirty fingernails, or not cleaning clothing or other objects that have touched the impetigo infection. To prevent the spread of impetigo, here are a few freebies:
- Bathe or shower daily.
- Keep fingernails clean and short.
- Wash everything with hot water and soap.
- And More
What Can a Person do to Minimize the Spread?
There are a couple ways to minimize the spread of the impetigo skin infection. You may read a lot of helpful tricks to avoid its spreading. But in the meantime, you can actually do a few simple things. Impetigo is highly contagious. If you have a child, here are a couple tips for you:
- Keep them home from school.
- Avoid contact with other children.
- Be sure to wash all their clothes.
- And more.
If you are an adult suffering from impetigo, there are numerous options for you to avoid the spread of impetigo. Some of these things include:
- Canceling appointments with clients.
- Taking a couple sick days from work.
- Avoid contact with children and your own child as well.
- And more!
How to Treat?
There are several steps for the treatment, specifically are:
- Cleanliness and hygiene, Patient can wash with soap and water to remove bacteria and crusts, then use antibiotic ointment for treatment.
- Quarantine and protection of the patient’s immediate environment (family, school especially)
- Treatment as such: oral or topical treatment
- Prevention of glomerulonephritis, major complication of streptococcal impetigo
You can also try a few effective home remedies as below:
- Garlic: Take some to crush and apply them on your affected area.
- Aloe Vera Gel: Rub it on your infected skin about 5 time a day.
- Tea Tree Oil: Using it when bathing and applying calamine lotion after it
- Diet: Eating more fruits and vegetables can also help combat impetigo.