In most health conditions prevention is wiser and easier than treatment and hemorrhoids are no exception to this rule. While they are quite easy to treat as soon as the first symptoms arise, they can evolve into a source of terrible discomfort, pain and embarrassment if left untreated. Hemorrhoids develop as a result of pressure on the veins of the anus, which cause the latter to swell and develop bulges. They are believed to be positively related to constipation, pregnancy, obesity, poor dietary habits and hereditary factors. Other factors and health conditions, such as chronic diarrhea, hypertension and a sedentary lifestyle with little or no exercise, may also cause or aggravate hemorrhoids.
Although you probably have little or no control over many of these factors, or eliminating them would require extreme lifestyle changes on your part, others are much easier to take under control. If you are prone to hemorrhoids or if they tend to be a recurring condition, you should consider adopting certain mild preventive measures against them. It is probably a small price to pay in order to get permanently rid of them.
Useful tips for hemorrhoid prevention
Constipation is considered to be the most common cause for hemorrhoids when coming to the question how long hemorrhoids last. Straining to pass hard stool results in excessive pressure on the rectal area, which causes the veins to swell, bulge and sometimes bleed. Furthermore, constipation creates a vicious cycle, because the pain and discomfort of trying to pass hardened stool through such a sensitive and irritated area, causes the anus to tighten instinctively in order to prevent anything from further hurting it. This makes it even harder to pass stool, causing more strain and resulting in further constipation, which may be psychological to some degree, due to the agony involved in having a simple bowel movement.
Your first preventive measure therefore, should be focused on dealing with constipation. This is easily done by including more natural fibers in your diet. High-fiber foods include whole meal bread, fresh and dried fruit (plums and figs are great for constipation), vegetables, beans, cereals. You can also get over-the-counter fiber supplements if you like. On the other hand, try to avoid laxatives because they may cause diarrhea which is nearly as bad for hemorrhoids as constipation.
Your second preventive measure should be to adopt some good bathroom habits. Straining is very bad for hemorrhoids, so try to avoid it. Go to the bathroom as soon as you feel the urge but do not spend any more time sitting on the toilet than necessary. If nothing happens after two or three minutes, get up and retry later. Also, refrain from reading or distracting yourself in any other way while trying to have a bowel movement.
Your third preventive measure should be focused on your work and leisure habits. Avoid sitting or standing for long periods of time. If your type of job requires that you do, try to take breaks in order to move around a bit. Also, try to include some light exercise in your lifestyle, if the latter is kind of sedentary.
Adoption of such measures will make you see a significant improvement. if you suffer from mild or occasional hemorrhoids. However, in some severe cases, you may need more serious treatment.