Back of Knee Pain - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

Everyone seems to have knee pain at some time in their life. Some people have very serious knee problems while others have an occasional problem.

Whether you are an athlete, active in non-competitive sports or just a normal person, you need good information about what could be causing your knee pain and what to do about it. Only a medical doctor can diagnose your problem and prescribe treatment, but the more you know about knee problems, the more you will understand what your doctor is suggesting. An educated patient always has an advantage since the know what questions to ask their doctor and know if they want to pursue the doctors prescribed course of action.

What is it

The knee is one of the most complex joint in the human body and is the most frequently injured. When it comes to back knee pain, then it indicates an uneasy feeling, discomfort or soreness around the back area of the knee. The sore feeling can be felt with movement or without movement depending on what knee injury you are experiencing and which tissues are involved.


Bakers Cyst
Bakers Cyst

There are numerous causes of pain behind knee. The first one which is well known to cause this problem is Bakers Cyst. This is a condition where synovial fluid builds up behind the knee. It functions as a lubricate for the joints which reduces the friction between the joint cartilages.

It can also be caused by deep vein thrombosis a condition where blood clotting occurs around the leg area. This is a very risky and serious condition as it can lead to pulmonary embolism in the lung, stroke or even a heart attack if the blood clot breaks loose.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Posterior Cruciate Ligament

Other causes would be Posterior Cruciate Ligament, arthritis, Biceps Femoris Tendinopathy and a minor tear in the cartilage surface.


The symptoms leading to this condition totally depends on what is causing it for example Bakers Cyst or deep vein thrombosis. Generally, below are the common signs and symptoms which is related closely to this condition.

  • Aching
  • Swelling
  • Sharp pain or burning around the knee area
  • Stiffness
  • Weak knees or unstable knees
  • Knee locking
  • Posterior knee pain
  • Grinding/Crunching sound
Usually, the signs and symptoms would only occur to one side of the knee, either the left of the right. But this is conditional because posterior knee pain can cause hurts to both sides depending on the individual.

How to Treat

Knee Band

Similar to symptoms, the treatment varies depending on the cause of it. You can use a knee band or knee strap to prevent further pain as a temporary solution.

Another way to reduce pain is also by applying ice to it. Simply wrap ice cubes with a cloth and place it on your affected area which is causing the knee pain. This will help soothe the symptoms if you have a burning or aching pain.

Exercise can be very helpful with sore, painful backs.  Exercise and stretches can often prevent future problems by strengthening your muscles and body. So doing a slight exercise in the right way might be relieve the symptoms as well.

The best way is to seek medical attention from your nearby clinics or hospitals. A doctor will know how to examine your knee for possible causes. If needed, your tendon might be reattached or pulled away from the bone depending on the severity of the pain. This is why a medical consultation is very important as back knee pain can be very general and a diagnosis is needed to find out what is causing the pain.

Medical Treatments:

  • Synovial Fluid Replacement Therapy By Vera Griffin

  • ACL Treatments:  Dr. Bernabe uses the highly advanced Arthrotek EZ-Loc fixation system to reconstruct your ACL injury. He is also one of the few surgeons who still uses the patient’s own native hamstring tendons to replace the torn ACL, instead of an “allograft” or donated cadaver tendons. Most patients feel safest knowing that their own native tissue is the source of donor graft material with zero concern about disease transmission.

  • Z-Plasty Lengthening for Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome

  • Knee Braces

Risk Factors and How to Avoid

According to MayoClinic, the risk factors are as follows.

  • Age
  • Posterior Knee Pain
  • Obesity
  • Carrying heavy objects
  • Sex

Apart from that, the participation in certain activities like sports which use the  legs and knees for the most part such as football, running and basketball will also increase the chances of getting knee pain.

A simple rule for prevention is to simply not be involved in activities which will cause further pain. Identify things that you can do, and things that you cannot do which related to this health problem. If it gets worse, don’t forget to get medical attention. After all, prevention is better than curing!